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Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis: Everything You Need To Know

hashimoto’s thyroiditis

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is a chronic autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks the thyroid cells and destroys gradually. The inflammation caused by Hashimoto’s thyroiditis can often lead to hypothyroidism, where the thyroid gland cannot synthesize hormones for proper functioning in the body. Apart from numerous functions, one of the main features of the thyroid gland is to control metabolism in the body. A simple neck scan can often reveal Hashimoto’s disease if you are susceptible to it. Once the test report shows positive, then the treatment may include taking a hormone replacement pill for hypothyroidism. 

Let’s go through the article to know more about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis in detail. Read now!

Symptoms of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis:

Initially, the signs are not visible. You may notice the swelling at the front of the throat (goiter). After the chronic damage to the thyroid gland, the synthesis of the thyroid hormone slows down, which causes hypothyroidism. So, the symptoms of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis are similar to hypothyroidism symptoms. Below we have listed out a few signs in detail.

  • Puffy face
  • Weight gain
  • Hair loss
  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Depression
  • Memory loss
  • Slow heart rate
  • Heavy menstrual flow
  • Fatigue
  • Stiffness of joints
  • Muscular pain
  • Constipation
  • Sluggishness
  • Muscle cramps
  • Swelling of the legs
  • Enlarged thyroid gland (Goitre)
  • Difficulty while swallowing foods

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When to see the doctor?

If you experience any of the above symptoms, speak to the doctor immediately. You might be suffering from hypothyroidism. Your doctor may diagnose the condition and rule out whether hypothyroidism may be the cause. If you diagnosed with hypothyroidism, then follow up required for every three months to fix the medicine dose. If you are already on hormone replacement pill, then never miss even a single dose of medicine. Refill your bottle by ordering the medication online from a trustedbest online medicine store in the comfort of your home.

Causes of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis:

The body produces antibodies, which attack its thyroid cells in the body. The exact reason for the purpose is not known. A few researchers believe that genetics, age, sex, autoimmune diseases, too much exposure to environmental factors, excessive iodine, and radiation exposure are a few major causes of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.     

What are the risk factors caused by Hashimoto’s thyroiditis?

Numerous diseases and disorders can pop up if hypothyroidism caused by Hashimoto’s thyroiditis if left untreated. Here, we have listed out a few of them below:

  • Goiter
  • Lupus
  • Increased levels of bad cholesterol in the body
  • May cause congenital disabilities
  • Heart problems
  • Mental disorders 

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Treatment:

Currently, there is no proper treatment for Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Once your doctor finds you are suffering from Hashimoto’s disease, he or she may start with the hormone replacement pill as it is the only way to regulate hormone levels in the body. Your doctor may fix the dosage based on the severity of the disease assessed from the blood reports and neck scanning. Once in three months, it is mandatory to check the TSH levels in the body as the dosage is fixed based on the examination of the blood reports.

What foods you need to include and eliminate in the diet with Hashimoto’s disease:

  • Include whole and unprocessed foods
  • Fruits and veggies rich in high fiber content
  • Lean protein like chicken, fish, eggs, beans
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Include more selenium and Vitamin D-rich foods. If you are unable to meet the daily requirements, then add supplements in your diet. Order your dietary supplements from a reliable online pharmacy store in India and get them delivered at your doorstep. 
  • Avoid cruciferous vegetables, dairy products, canned foods, processed foods, alcohol, and goitrogenic foods.
  • Include fermented foods, herbal teas, and non-caffeinated drinks.

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